FEAR AS A CULTURAL PHENOMENON

Volume 74, Nov 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.11.2
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Abstract: The problem of fear and its impact on the life of each individual in particular and the society as a whole was raised and solved before, but the XX century was an era marked by extreme overexcitation and anxiety-socio-cultural conditions of occurrence, range, scale, variations of fears have become different. This study is dictated by the need to understand a qualitatively new stage in the evolution of the understanding of fear. Now this understanding is largely built through the prism of the current state of culture - postmodern, which is expressed not least in vulnerability and instability. The attractiveness and horror of the situation are intertwined in the phrase: \"The only stable state is the state of instability\".

Author(s): Tatyana Gennadievna Furman

SELECTION OF METHODS OF OPTIMIZATION OF INDICATORS OF RELIABILITY OF CARS

Volume 74, Oct 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.10.3
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Abstract: The main characteristics of the efficiency of the use of mass and serial production machines, as well as many technical products, are their performance and cost, as determined in the specific calculation per production unit. Production cost depends on the cost of production (purchase) and ensuring the serviceable condition, on the expenses rate of operating materials. In this regard, this paper proposes methods for determining the total average resource of the machine, its aggregation, subassembly, parts, spare parts, the total costs of wear of the machine for the full resource, as well as the cost of maintenance and compensation for damage due to wear for a full resource through cycles of exploitation, in which the optimization criterion is the minimum overall average unit cost of production and ensuring the serviceable condition of machinery at constant performance.

Author(s): Saken Pernebekov, Ussen Ussipbayev, Zhenis Sadykov, Kanat Azhibekov, Baidulla Uralov


READING INTERIOR DESIGN PROCESS OVER PATTERN MODEL

Volume 74, Oct 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.10.6
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Abstract: Every act of design is based on its unique past and process. Implemented merely as an alternative way to understanding the process of interior design, “pattern” assumes a much more effective role in stating the overall impact of the analysis. For, the question ‘which consecutive steps can be followed to reveal the interior design process’ can be answered only through the mental steps the concept of pattern can offer, and the reimposition of each step through an update. In this context, Alexander's model of "pattern" is discussed, leading to a presentation of the mental steps followed through in the interior design process, with reference to the experiences of seasoned designers. The model drawn up specifically for the interior design discipline, on the other hand, provides a clear reading of the process and consecutive steps required to be implemented.

Author(s): Elif Sonmez, Filiz Tavsan


SOCIALLY-ORIENTED MARKET ECONOMY THE BASIS OF DEVELOPMENT OF SOCIAL STATE

Volume 74, Oct 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.10.5
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Abstract: While implementation of socially-oriented market economy, first of all, improvement of life quality of population and competitive abilities of human capital, as well as regulation of economic development and its stability, use of natural resources and their preservation for future generations are important conditions. The main aim in implementation of the model is provision of the dynamics of the human capital related with ecological, institutional, economic, informative- technological directions and regulated development of ecosystem. Characteristic features of national economic development model of Azerbaijan are the followings: I. In Azerbaijan mixed economy is being formed based on different property and economic forms and an environment is being established for favorable activity of state and private property forms; II. In Azerbaijan, economy is regulated by the state, favorable condition is set for competitivity of products both for domestic and foreign markets; II. Regulation is carried out both on macroeconomic, and microeconomic level; IV. Development peculiarities of socially-oriented economy, traditions of solution of social problems by the state are compatible with German model; V. Environment of free competence is conducted by the state and anti-monopoly measures are implemented; VI. Employment policy and reduction of poverty are integral parts of the social economic policy conducted in Azerbaijan. As above-noted, socially-oriented market economy forming in Azerbaijan reflects traditions of the western countries, as Azerbaijan has joined social policy program of the European Union and here the legal framework of market economy is based on international laws. So, national economic development model of Azerbaijan has social nature. Economic policy carrying social nature, on one hand is based on human factor, on another hand, on the practice of the advanced countries of the world developed by the way of development of market economy. At the same time, innovative development of economy and implementation of modernization strategy are priority issues in national economic development model of Azerbaijan.

Author(s): Mammadova Seadat Davud gizi

SMART URBAN FURNITURE: TRABZON UZUNGOL EXAMPLE

Volume 74, Oct 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.10.4
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Abstract: Cities have gained meaning with many living and non-living materials. Cities are being destroyed in the course of time by many factors such as the increase of these materials, technological developments, industrialization, urbanization. As a result of this destruction, the values that it holds are decreasing day by day. Various studies are being carried out and renewable energy sources are used to prevent the extinction of these destructed resources. Cities with physical living spaces accommodate many street furnitures in different purposes and uses. These equipments should be organized taking into consideration the needs of the people living in the city and the ecological balance. Along with these changed features, equipments that can respond to both aesthetic and ecological concerns have become essential design products. In this day, with increasing ecological awareness, solar cells are candidate elements for being a part of designs from aesthetic and functional point of view. The first goal of these products we name as smart street furnitures is ensuring that the energy is used efficiently followed by ensuring a design integrity with aesthetic concerns. When it comes to solar panels, the first thing to come into mind should not be monolithic, large and uniform panels but panels with aesthetic features. Nowadays, these can be applied in dimensions that can be integrated with almost every design. Within the scope of this study; designs have been made by emphasizing the design of smart street furnitures and the use of solar energy. In this context, the furnitures designed by the students in the Interior Achitecture Department of KT� within the scope of �Street Furniture Design� course they take in their education process have been discussed. The principal material of the study is Trabzon province, Uzung�l route. The benefits of these equipments designed have been presented by numerical data. In what functions the energy obtained can be used has been supported by tables. In line with this data obtained from the study, recommendations have been given for the designs to be made, particularly for equipments.

Author(s): Makbulenur Bekar, Merih KASAP, Sebnem ERTAS


EFFECT OF COLCHICINE AND ATORVASTATIN ON CELL DEATH MECHANISMS DURING INFLAMMATORY PROCESSES IN ATHEROSCHLEROSIS

Volume 74, Nov 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.11.1
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Abstract: Aims: We evaluated the effects of different doses of colchicine, atorvastatin, and their combinations on oxidative stress, apoptosis, and autophagic activities in an atherosclerotic model with lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammation in endothelial-macrophage co-culture cells. Methods: HUVEC and macrophage cells were used in study. HUVEC–macrophage co-culture was treated with 10 ng/ml lipopolysaccharides for 24 h to establish the inflammatory effect observed in the atherosclerotic process. LPS-treated cells were incubated with the concentrations of atorvastatin, colchicine and atorvastatin–colchicine combination. Apoptosis, autophagy, total antioxidant status, and total oxidant status was examined from cell lysates Results: When TAS and TOS values of the control, LPS, and drug groups measured at 24 and 48 h, a significant difference was observed between the control, LPS, and drug groups (P values 0.014 and 0.013, respectively) . A significant difference was found when autophagy and apoptosis levels in the control, LPS, and drug groups measured at 24 and 48 h were evaluated between the groups (P = 0.015 and P= 0.013) Conclusions: Apoptotic activity was found to increase in a dose-dependent manner with both drugs, while autophagic activity was the lowest when atorvastatin was administered alone; colchicine treatment was found to decrease autophagic activity with increase in dose.

Author(s): Gunnur Demircan, Sule Beyhan Ozdas, Demet Akin, Ozgur Kaplan, Sabri Demircan, Cavlan Ciftci


FOLLOW-UP ON SOCIAL MEDIA TO MEASURE TOPIC DIFFUSION: ECUADORS ZONE 3 ASSEMBLY MEMBERS CASE

Volume 74, Oct 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.10.1
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Abstract: This research aims to follow-up on social media channels in order to measure topics from Zone 3 assembly members in Ecuador. The problem identified by means of direct observation is the absence of monitoring and follow-up activity in social networks, as well as the lack of knowledge of digital tools in obtaining indicators. This leads to a low online presence of assembly members. The proposed methodological procedure consists of the following stages: defining objectives and metrics, defining the monitoring period, selecting technological tools, analyzing and presenting results as well as suggestions for improvement. A sample of 14 representatives from the provinces of Zone 3 (Tungurahua, Cotopaxi, Chimborazo and Pastaza) were selected from a national population of 137 elected assembly members. Quantitative and qualitative technological tools were used for measurement, such as: Keyhole, Fanpagekarma, Followerwonk, Metricspot and Nvivo.

Author(s): Patricio Medina-Chicaiza, María Fernanda Iza-Cabay,Carlos Beltrán-Ávalos


MENOPAUSAL SYMPTOMS AND FACTORS AFFECTING IT: A SAMPLE OF TURKISH WOMEN

Volume 74, Sep 2018
The process of paper has not been completed.
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Abstract: The aim of this study was to assess menopausal symptoms and factors affecting it for Turkish women. This descriptive and cross-sectional survey was performed in Adana, Turkey. The study was conducted with a total of 280 women aged between 40–65 years. The data was collected with the personal information form and the Menopause Rating Scale (MRS). Data analysis included determining the percentage, arithmetic average, Kruskal–Wallis test, Mann-Whitney U test, t test, and analysis of variance. In the study it was determined that the average age of the participants were 54.65 ± 6.90 years. The mean score of total MRS was 20.22 ± 10.11. The mean scores of; somatic symptom subscale was 3.94 ± 2.11, psychological symptom subscale was 11.54 ± 6.01, and the urogenital symptom subscale was 4.74 ± 3.72. It was found that the women experienced hot flushes/sweating (51.4%), irritability symptoms (40%), muscle and joint problems (37.1%), and sexual problems at a severe level to very severe level (34.3%). It was also deduced that women did not perceive menopause as a natural process, because they feel that menopause made them lose their femininity. Age, education level, working status, marital status, income status, smoking behavior, exercise, number of pregnancies, and knowledge about menopause statistically affected the total MRS scores of women. These results showed that women experienced severe menopausal symptoms\\r\\nKeywords: menopause, MRS, psychological, somatic, uro-genital symptoms.

Author(s): Evsen Nazik, Sevban Arslan, Seda Karacay Yikar, Hakan Nazik, Funda Ozdemir, Serap Apay


DOMINANT MENTAL STATEAS THE FACTOR OF SATISFACTION WITH LIFE IN THE NORTH

Volume 74, Aug 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.8.10
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Abstract: The article deals with the dominant mental state as a factor of overall satisfaction with life. The results of field research carried out in the Sakha Republic (Yakutia) are presented. The social and psychological research sample group consisted of a total 264 people 18 to 59 years of age. Subjective psychological well-being includes two components: a) emotional - the dominant mental state; and b) cognitive - the subjective assessment of the basic parameters of life. The methodological toolkit for measuring the dominant mental state and satisfaction with the quality of life included the methods of socio-psychological diagnosis (questionnaire method, scaling assessment): L.V. Kulikov's method of diagnosing the mental state and N.E. Vodopianova's modified questionnaire "Assessment of the level of satisfaction with the quality of life". The results were processed using mathematical processing methods: the Spearman rank correlation coefficient (rs), the Fisher angular transform (?), the Kruskal-Wallis H test. In general, the respondents are dominated by a positive mental state, the life events taking place are perceived on a favorable emotional background. The women demonstrate higher indexes of activity, inner concentration, optimistic attitude to life, readiness for overcoming difficulties, and confidence in their capabilities, energy, and readiness for work, than that of men. This pattern is also observed in the respondents of mature age and in those residing in the city. Decreased emotional baseline is observed in men, young people and rural residents. In all parameters, respondents mainly showed average scores within the norm: 45.75 on the scale of active-passive attitude to the life situation; 49 on the cheerfulness-despondency scale; 47.56 on the high-low tone scale; 50.07 on the relaxation-tension scale; 50.31 on the calmness-anxiety scale; 50.61 on the scale of stability-instability of emotional tone; 51.67 on the scale of satisfaction-dissatisfaction with life as a whole (its course, self-realization processes); 50.17 on the scale of positive-negative image of oneself. The results of our study demonstrate not only a positive dominant mental state, but also an increase in insensitivity of a significant part of the population of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia) to housing and material problems, as well as a decrease in resistance to manifestations of social insecurity. It is indicative of an increase in anxiety with age, which confirms a sense of insecurity in the elderly. It is also very characteristic that there is an active denial, an unwillingness to discuss social problems, especially those related to governance deficiencies. As a result of blocking the open expression of dissatisfaction, the problem moves "into the sphere of the unconscious" of society, which can lead to increased tension and further escalation of discontent. The mental state of the population is relatively stable and stable in this time period, due to actual satisfaction of primary needs. Keywords: dominant mental state, life satisfaction, life, subjective well-being, material resources, quality of life.

Author(s): Tuyaara Sidorova, Agrafena Makarova


ALGEBRA IN TEXTBOOKS: A COMPARISON OF SOUTH AFRICAN\r\nAND ANGOLAN TEXTBOOKS

Volume 74, Sep 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.9.5
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Abstract: This study compares the algebra sections in three textbooks, one South African grade 9, one South African grade 10, and one Angolan grade 10 textbook. The comparison is fourfold. First, I compare the textbooks in terms of topics. Second, I compare the distribution of the text on explanations, examples and exercises. Third, I use the levels of understanding of algebraic expressions suggested by Sfard and Linchevski (1994) to interrogate progression and consistency of the texts. And finally, I look at the number of steps required to move from task to solution in the examples and exercises, providing a different measure of progression. The data shows that the Angolan textbook has more explanations than the South African textbooks, and far fewer exercises. However, the progression both in terms of levels of understanding of algebraic expressions and in terms of the number of steps required to solve tasks is swifter in the Angolan textbook. Also, there is less focus on symbol manipulation in the Angolan textbook. Though much depends on the ways in which textbooks are used in the classroom, this suggests that the Angolan textbook offers the learners more opportunities to learn.

Author(s): Vimolan Mudaly, Isabel Pedro