DOMINANT MENTAL STATEAS THE FACTOR OF SATISFACTION WITH LIFE IN THE NORTH

Volume 74, Aug 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.8.10
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Abstract: The article deals with the dominant mental state as a factor of overall satisfaction with life. The results of field research carried out in the Sakha Republic (Yakutia) are presented. The social and psychological research sample group consisted of a total 264 people 18 to 59 years of age. Subjective psychological well-being includes two components: a) emotional - the dominant mental state; and b) cognitive - the subjective assessment of the basic parameters of life. The methodological toolkit for measuring the dominant mental state and satisfaction with the quality of life included the methods of socio-psychological diagnosis (questionnaire method, scaling assessment): L.V. Kulikov's method of diagnosing the mental state and N.E. Vodopianova's modified questionnaire "Assessment of the level of satisfaction with the quality of life". The results were processed using mathematical processing methods: the Spearman rank correlation coefficient (rs), the Fisher angular transform (?), the Kruskal-Wallis H test. In general, the respondents are dominated by a positive mental state, the life events taking place are perceived on a favorable emotional background. The women demonstrate higher indexes of activity, inner concentration, optimistic attitude to life, readiness for overcoming difficulties, and confidence in their capabilities, energy, and readiness for work, than that of men. This pattern is also observed in the respondents of mature age and in those residing in the city. Decreased emotional baseline is observed in men, young people and rural residents. In all parameters, respondents mainly showed average scores within the norm: 45.75 on the scale of active-passive attitude to the life situation; 49 on the cheerfulness-despondency scale; 47.56 on the high-low tone scale; 50.07 on the relaxation-tension scale; 50.31 on the calmness-anxiety scale; 50.61 on the scale of stability-instability of emotional tone; 51.67 on the scale of satisfaction-dissatisfaction with life as a whole (its course, self-realization processes); 50.17 on the scale of positive-negative image of oneself. The results of our study demonstrate not only a positive dominant mental state, but also an increase in insensitivity of a significant part of the population of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia) to housing and material problems, as well as a decrease in resistance to manifestations of social insecurity. It is indicative of an increase in anxiety with age, which confirms a sense of insecurity in the elderly. It is also very characteristic that there is an active denial, an unwillingness to discuss social problems, especially those related to governance deficiencies. As a result of blocking the open expression of dissatisfaction, the problem moves "into the sphere of the unconscious" of society, which can lead to increased tension and further escalation of discontent. The mental state of the population is relatively stable and stable in this time period, due to actual satisfaction of primary needs. Keywords: dominant mental state, life satisfaction, life, subjective well-being, material resources, quality of life.

Author(s): Tuyaara Sidorova, Agrafena Makarova


ROLE OF HARDWARE STARTUPS IN FACILITATING ELECTRONICS AND COMPUTER SCIENCE EDUCATION FOR KIDS: SURVEY OF HARDWARE PRODUCTS

Volume 74, Aug 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.8.6
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Abstract: The current trend in the world of technology is Ubiquitous Computing, known also as Internet of Things (IoT), boosted by an easier accessibility to internet. Soon, every daily life object will embed a small computer, these different devices will communicate between each other and adapt themselves to make human life as comfortable as possible. However, for a full implementation of these devices, a prototyping step is required to validate the concept, this is where new challenges arise: technical knowledge are required, especially electronics and programming skills. In this context, several efforts have been made to reduce the skill gap and open the prototyping world to everyone, including kids. Many of these efforts have resulted in hardware startups that manufactures devices targeted to non-experts peoples and allow kids also to learn the basic concepts of electronics and Computer Science at an early age. This paper presents an overview of these developed hardware products and evaluates their advantages, limitations and impact on education. The authors present in this paper their own initiative to build a prototyping platform, the proposed solution aims to facilitate for kids the process of building a robotic system and program it without technical knowledge.

Author(s): Slim Chtourou, Mohamed Kharrat, Nader Ben Amor, Mohamed Jallouli, Mohamed Abid


THE CHANGING COMMUNICATION BEHAVIORAL ON STUDENT OF KARO ETHNIC IN YOGYAKARTA

Volume 74, Aug 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.8.7
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Abstract: This research paper was proposed to investigate the behavioral medication as a result of interethnic interaction between Karo and Javanese who complete their study in Yogyakarta, which is known as the student’s city. The researcher identified positive effect in acculturation for corresponding interethnic relation will be possibly constructed in Indonesia if we all willing to tolerate facing the diversity. This was a descriptive qualitative research; data collected through interview, observation and literature study. Research subjects composed of students of Atma Jaya Yogyakarta University and participated in Batak Christian-Protestant Church (GBKP). Data collecting technique that used were unstructured –observation, in-depth interview, document study and ethnography. The results took from the pattern of behavioral modification on a student of Batak-Karo student following stay in Yogyakarta and adapted Yogyakarta environment. The study found social relationship between Batak Karo and Javanese ethnic in Yogyakarta, it was seen from a social interaction relationship between those two ethnics didn’t arise many conflicts. People around Karo student’s neighborhood, can be easily influenced student’s thought pattern and attitude to do the change little by little and unwittingly it would enter their mind to be able to adapt with new environment. The behavioral modification on student of Karo ethnic who stay in Yogyakarta for study produce the acculturation. The acculturation of Karo students and Javanese cultural in Yogyakarta encourage sympathy and empathy attitude in daily life. Those sympathy attitude is something that needed by our nation to create social harmony.\r\n\r\nKeywords: changing communication behavioral, ethnic identity, karo\r\n

Author(s): Puji Lestari

NEURAL THERAPY FOR PROMPT RELIEF OF RENAL COLIC

Volume 74, Aug 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.8.9
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Abstract: Introduction: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of neural therapy, which is regional intracutaneous injection of low concentration local anestesic, in the pain relief treatment of renal colic. Materials and methods: Fourtynine patients with renal colic were divided into two groups. Patients in group 1 were treated with neural therapy and patients in group 2 were treated with conventional therapy. In group 2, conventional therapy was diclofenac sodium 100 mg and hyocine N butyl bromide 10 mg parenterally. In group 1, intradermal injections were applied to segmental and painful areas. Local anesthetic solution had included 0,3% lidocaine HCl and saline. The severity of pain was assessed by visual analogue scale (VAS) system before (0) and 1, 10 and 15 minutes after the injection. Results: Pretreatment mean VAS was 8.47�0.9 in gruop 1 and 8.29�1.8 in group, respectively. After neural therapy (group 1), mean VAS suddenly reduced to 3.78 at 1st minute and increased slowly to 4.72 at 10th minute, 5.56 at 15th minute. There were not any side effects and any complications after neural therapy. Conventional therapy (group 2) slowly reduced VAS, which was 7.88 at 1st minute, 7 at 10th minute and 4.18 at 15th minute. Conclusion: Neural therapy is a fast, effective, safe and easy applicable treatment modality fort the management of acute renal colic. The advantage of neural therapy is that it provides prompt relieve from acute severe painful conditions such as renal colic. Key Words: renal colic, neural therapy, visual analog scale

Author(s): Oguz Ergin

INFINITY: BETWEEN DIVINITY, TIME, AND ETERNITY

Volume 74, Sep 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.9.1
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Abstract: In following in the footsteps of the idea of infinity it will be shown that assigning a divine status to it accompanied the idea of infinity in early Greek philosophy. Yet, subsequently it was followed up by a dialectical process slowly moving in the direction of a de-divinization of infinity. This process initially shied away from describing God as infinite (in the sense of being unlimited), for the question was how would God be able to engage in self-contemplation if God�s essence is infinite? However, Plotinus, Gregory of Nyssa and Augustine started to differentiate between a succession of numbers (accessible to human beings) and observing such an infinite multiplicity all at once, without any before and after (a capacity ascribed to God only). Much later Maimon continues this legacy, for he assigns the successive infinite to a finite mind and the at once infinite to an absolute mind. Wittgenstein captures the heritage of eternity as the timeless present in his own way when he remarks that if eternity does not mean infinite temporal duration but timelessness, then eternal life belongs to those who live in the present. The distinction between the successive infinite and the at once infinite in a certain sense also characterizes the difference between the two mathematicians Cantor and Weyl. The former does acknowledge the mathematical status of both the successive infinite and at once infinite, but then introduces the absolute infinite which belongs to God. Since he rejects the mathematical employment of the at once infinite, Weyl reserves the actual infinite for God. Yet, Weyl is certainly correct in characterizing mathematics as the science of the infinite. While the axiomatization of mathematics succeeded in avoiding the antinomies G�del has shown (in 1931) that consistency entails incompleteness. Consequently, Hilbert had to acknowledge that the insight of consistency is rather to be attained by intuitive reasoning which is based on evidence and not on axioms. Infinity will always occupy a central position in mathematics and it will constantly prompt mathematicians to account for the difference between the successive infinite and the at once infinite in terms of the interconnections between number and space.

Author(s): Danie Strauss

MANAGEMENT OF INNOVATIVE DEVELOPMENT OF LOW-TECH SECTORS OF RUSSIAN INDUSTRY ON THE BASIS OF FORECASTING

Volume 74, Aug 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.8.5
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Abstract: This article proposes a new methodological approach to managing the development of industries with low innovation activity in the Russian economy. The study was conducted using statistical data of textile and clothing industry. The innovative activity of the textile and garment industry is only 7%. The authors assessed the external factors influencing the innovation activity of enterprises of the textile and garment industry. The correlation model is constructed and the actual main factors influencing innovative activity of the enterprises are revealed. Built a regression model of the dependence of the level of innovation activity of enterprises of the textile and garment industry from the changes of external factors in the dynamics from 2005 to 2014. Built four versions of the script of changes of specific weight of innovative enterprises in the total number of enterprises of the textile and garment industry.

Author(s): Borscheva Natalia, Yulia Fedorova, Marina Glukhova, Egor Fedorov


DEVELOPMENT OF MODEL OF HUMAN CAPITAL MANAGEMENT BASED ON SCENARIO APPROACH

Volume 74, Aug 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.8.4
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Abstract: Features of the innovative economy required the development of a new model of human capital management. Because of the study, the authors developed a model of human capital management. In contrast to the known models, this model is supplemented by two elements - an accompanying control subsystem and an internal control mechanism. The accompanying human capital management subsystem consists of managerial innovations necessary to accelerate the diffusion of basic (technological) innovations. The internal mechanism of human capital management differs from the previously known mechanisms by management tools. As well as the developed model differs from the existing ones using scenario approach.

Author(s): Natalia Borscheva, Yulia Fedorova, Marina Glukhova, Egor Fedorov


MICRORNAS IN THE PERICARDIAL FLUID OF CORONARY ARTERY PATIENTS

Volume 74, Aug 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.8.2
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Abstract: Background: microRNAs (miRNAs) that play important roles in organisms are associated with usual function of cells, development of living, biological processes as well as many diseases involving cardiovascular disease. miRNAs are effective in endothelium disfunction, atherosclerosis, inflammation, apoptosis and angiogenesis related with coronary artery disease (CAD). miRNAs that are explained differently in cells, exist extracellularly, in circulation and body fluids. Many biomarkers related with CAD can get through circulation and pericard fluid (PF), the closest place to heart. That is why in etiopathogenesis evaluation of CAD miRNAs can be used diagnostically in PF and circulation. Since PF has a potential of reflecting heart potential, PF concentration of some substances provides to be understood many pathophysiological mechanisms. \r\nPurpose: The main purpose of this study is; to determine the amount of miRNA’s in the PF and blood plasma of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and to contribute to the understanding of the pathophysiology of CAD. Methods: 40 patients having coronary artery bypass surgery were involved to our study and expression levels of miRNAs (miR-125b-5p, miR-320b, miR-34a-5p, miR-16-5p, miR-320a and miR-15a-5p) that their association with cardiovascular diseases was obtained, were studied in PF and blood plasma with qRT-PCR (Quantitative Real Time PCR) method. Results: In gene expression of miRNAs as gradual change in plasma than PF was found for miR16-5p 7.3539 and for miR320b 4.0715, as a result of this miR16-5p p=0.00001 value and miR320b p=0.00814 value were found statistically significant (p<0.05). Conclusion: The reason of gene expression level of miR 16-5p and miR 320b were found higher in plasma which is expected to be found high in PF may be extramyocardial sources. Obtaining of miR 16-5p and miR 320b in PF that have negative effect in terms of cardiovascular diseases strengthens the potential usage of these microRNAs as biomarker in cardiovascular disease. Although in previous studies it was defined as miRNA special to PF, obtaining of miR320b also in plasma shows that it is not only special to PF.\r\n

Author(s): Resat Dikme, Ataman Gonel, Ismail Koyuncu, Feridun Akkafa, Mustafa Goz, Mehmet Salih Aydin, Ebru Temiz


THE THOUGHTS ON HUMAN IN BRITISH AND AZERBAIJANI LITERATURE IN EARLY XX CENTURY

Volume 74, Jul 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.7.15
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Abstract: The article is devoted to the human issue, which was reflected in the British and Azerbaijani literature in the early 20th century. It is noted that the reflection of this problem in the literature has created a deep typological affinity and connection in the literature of both peoples. Since this issue excited the playwrights, poets, and figures of other spheres of artistic creativity who thought about the nature of the human being and his fate, and the ideas associated with it.\nThe article compares the plays of William Butler Yeats, George Bernard Shaw, Jafar Jabbarly, David Herbert Lawrence, Huseyn Javid.\nIt is noted that the literature of both peoples was heavily influenced by the works of psychologist Sigmund Freud.\nBesides analyzing the literary reflection of the human issue in both peoples� literatures in early XX century this article assists to define which problems are mostly connected with some serious points of the development directions of both literatures and typological similarities between our literatures.

Author(s): Mammadova Javida

MEDICATION ADHERENCE BEHAVIOUR OF PRIVATE SECTOR PATIENTS AFFLICTED WITH CERTAIN COMMUNICABLE AND/OR NON-COMMUNICABLE DISEASES

Volume 74, Jul 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.7.6
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Abstract: Medication adherence is a significant factor contributing towards the achievement of treatment goals. This study was conducted to provide insight into the medication adherence behaviour of private sector patients afflicted with communicable and non-communicable chronic diseases.\r\nObjectives\r\nTo investigate the medication adherence behaviour of patients suffering from Non-Communicable diseases and Communicable diseases in the private health care sector of the eThekwini Metropolitan of KwaZulu-Natal. \r\nMethods \r\nA self-reported medication adherence questionnaire was used to obtain data, from 233 patients afflicted with Human Immunodeficiency Virus, Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Hypertension and Dyslipidaemia. The questionnaire focused on factors that influence medication adherence as well as the number of days of medication missed during the last 30 days. Data was collected and analysed using SPSS .\r\nResults \r\nMajority of participants were aged between 41-60 years (49.8%), and were of male gender (52.8%). An almost equal number of participants were afflicted with single disease (n=116) or multiple diseases (117). Hypertension was the most prevalent ailment (n=167), followed by Type 2 Diabetes (n=113), Dyslipidaemia (n=94) and HIV (n= 26). Over 62% of participants reported not missing any medication during the last 30 days. More than 21% had stated missing 1-2 days of their medication and 15.9% reported missing 3 or more days of medication during the last 30 days. With regards to single diagnosis, the highest percentage of adherence was reported in participants afflicted with Hypertension (60.6%), and Type 2 diabetes (58.3%). HIV and Dyslipidaemia had the lowest rates of adherence as 45% (n=9) of HIV only afflicted participants and 57.1% (n=4) of Dyslipidaemia only afflicted participants reported missing 1 or more days of their medication. The highest rate of non-adherence was found in the age group of participants 51-60 years old, while the highest rate of adherence was found in the group aged 70 years+. Reasons for non-adherence included cost, forgetting to take medication, running out of medication, stopping medication because it made them feel worse or gave a side effect and having difficulty with time schedules or having medication with/without food. \r\nConclusion\r\nParticipants afflicted with communicable and non-communicable diseases in the private health care sector have sub-optimal medication adherence. No significant correlations were found between having a particular disease and the rate of adherence, but participants afflicted with HIV only and Dyslipidaemia only where the least adherent. Reasons for non-adherence were the similar to other studies.

Author(s): Suklal K. BPharm, Naidoo P. BPharm