THE IMPACT OF FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT ON THE ECONOMIC GROWTH IN THE PERSPECTIVE OF FREE TRADE ZONE IN ALGERIA (1997-2016)

Volume 74, Jul 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.7.5
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Abstract: The intent to conduct this study is to investigate the effect of the foreign direct investment on the economic growth of Algeria. Moreover, this study also analyzes the effect of imports and domestic capital on the economic growth after the establishment of a free trade zone in Algeria. In order to estimate the effect of FDI, exports and domestic capital, data from (1997-2016) was collected from various international organizations who provide statistical data. The Cobb-Douglas production function was used in this study to establish a link between foreign direct investment and economic growth. The results of this study show that foreign direct investment has a significant positive effect on the economic growth of Algeria after the establishment of free trade zone. Moreover, Algerian exports and domestic capital also have a significant positive association with the foreign direct investment. So, it is deduced that due to foreign direct investment in a country, its exports and economic growth also influence the economic growth of the country. In light of results, it is recommended that Algeria should provide tax incentives, political stability, secure, bribe-free and research-oriented environment so that, the more foreign direct investment could be attracted in free trade zone of Algeria and economic growth targets could be attained.

Author(s): zeeshan Ahmad, Ali Bouchemal


Problems of financial and investment support modeling of the regional social and economic development

Volume 74, Jul 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.7.1
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Abstract: The main aim of the research is to investigate the problems of financial and investment support modeling of the regional social and economic development, to analyse the conceptual practical approach to these problems and definition of the adequate mechanisms. Proceeding from the objective situation of the regional social and economic development in Azerbaijan there was justified a complex functional structure of the regions.The factors which enables the sustainable development of the regions, the principles and measures of the financial and investment support were determined.The significance of conceptual practical approach to financial and investment support of the regional social and economic development was revealed. The significance of financial and investment support in the modeling of social economic development on the regional level, the maximum rational use of the local natural and economic supplies in formation of the financial resources, and enterprises modeling issues were analysed. There was prepared a structure of regional investment policy formation and implementation system.The formation factors and implementation ways of preparation mechanisms of the regional investment policy were determined.The directions of strengthening of the finance and credit support of the social and economic development prorams were justified. There was also given a scheme of strengthening of the financial and credit support rationality of the regional social economic development program. The fraction of regions in the total amount of the economic agents in Azerbaijan was analysed. There was prepared a scheme of importnt directions of the multiplicative effect in the social economic development of the regions.The efficiency issues of the regional social economic development program in Azerbaijan were analysed. There were presented the dynamics of funds oriented to the nominal capital on regions in Azerbaijan and dynamics of funds oriented to the nominal capital per capita on regions. The current situation of the regional social economic development in Azerbaijan and production of outputs on the economic regions were analysed. The dynamics of outputs production per capita in the main fields of economics region-wise and the dynamics of industrial production volume region-wise were also presented. There were generalized the factors determining the strengthening of financial and investment support of the regional social economic development. There were shown the ways of strategic approach to the financial and investment support of the social economic development in the regions in the short and long terms in Azerbaijan. There were prepared suggestions and given advice on the issues reviewed in the article.

Author(s): Guliyeva Aygun Eldar gizi

HOW HUMAN CAPITAL MANAGEMENT AFFECTS THE DEVELOPMENT OF INNOVATIVE ECONOMY IN RUSSIA

Volume 74, Jul 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.7.2
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Abstract: The article presents a change in the functional role of a person (employee) in production, depending on the type of technological structure. The authors define the specifics of human capital management with an emphasis on the creative abilities of the employee, which is largely associated with the presence of explicit and implicit knowledge. Based on the results of the Gap-analysis of existing methodological approaches to human capital management, the basic methodological provisions that meet the requirements of innovative development were formulated. A theoretical matrix of basic scenarios, which is original, is proposed. The methodology of empirical research of human capital management is developed. The scientific hypothesis is formulated and proved. Based on the conducted research the key moments in human capital management for the increase of innovative activity of the Russian economy are determined.

Author(s): Natalia Borscheva, Yulia Fedorova, Marina Glukhova, Egor Fedorov


“WHAT IS?” QUESTIONS

Volume 74, Jun 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.6.22
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Abstract: This article aims at showing how “what is?” questions may open the way to move from our everyday acquaintance with what-is questions to a discussion of perennial philosophical issues, such as the relation between what is universal and individual, the relation between essence and appearance, as well as that between constancy and change. Add to this the initial prominence of thing concepts in Greek philosophy (embodied in the substance concept) and the eventual dominance of relational concepts (function concepts). This will be done by contrasting the distinctions employed with the impasse entailed in one-sided ismic orientations. Such an undertaking will have to account for both uniqueness and coherence. In addition, the distinction between conceptual knowledge and concept-transcending knowledge will serve the purpose of highlighting the limits of rational understanding as expressed in what-is questions as well as the unavoidability of the use of primitive terms. This, in turn, will require a brief account of the unavoidability of indefinability. It will be argued that what is needed is an integral and encompassing idea of the universe in its unity (coherence/relatedness) and diversity (uniqueness/irreducibility). The conclusion reached will underscore the necessity to avoid reductionism and to affirm both sides of above-mentioned coin: uniqueness and coherence. Therefore, to accomplish this goal such an encompassing perspective will have to deepen what-is questions by contemplating what-is-the-meaning-of? questions. Clearly, what-is? questions open an entrance to the basic distinctions implicit in philosophy as well as within the various academic disciplines – including the natural sciences and the humanities.

Author(s): Danie Strauss

PLASTIC RECYCLING IN SOUTH AFRICA AND ITS EFFECT ON FURTHER PRODUCT QUALITY – A CASE STUDY

Volume 74, Jun 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.6.21
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Abstract: Waste management and recycling technologies in Europe are far ahead of South Africa, where most tasks are still performed manually by staff trained on the job and with little quality control. This can be expected to result in polymeric impurities of recycled plastic, which will affect the quality of products made from these recycled resources. Polymeric components do typically not mix well and impurities in recycled plastic may lead to a phase separation and subsequent loss of mechanical strength. The sorting and processing methods of recycled low density polyethylene (LDPE) were studied in two recycling companies in South Africa and the quality of the recycled LDPE was studied with Fourier Transformed Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. The results showed several polymeric as well as non-polymeric impurities, such as paper and ink.

Author(s): Martina Meincken, James Acheampong, Tenele Dlamini


INTERFERENCE BY FDG RADIONUCLIDE MOLECULES USED FOR PET-CT MONITORING ON 25-HYDROXY VITAMIN D MEASURED BY LC-MS/MS

Volume 74, Jun 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.6.8
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Abstract: Vitamin D deficiency is a prevalent condition in humans as a result of the inclination to live in indoor settings. Recent advances in laboratory medicine have resulted in replacement of immunoassay methods by LC-MS/MS measurement techniques, which represent the current reference method. However, serum matrix effect resulting in an interference effect may lead to erroneous results in LC-MS/MS. In this study, our aim was to examine the interference of radionuclide molecules used for PET-CT imaging on vitamin D measurements.\\r\\nFor this purpose, 40 ?L of 18F-FDG was added into the control solution consisting of 100 micro-liter (?L) of vitamin D and 25(OH)D measurements were performed at 0 and 60 minutes using LC-MS/MS. Based on the measurements, radioactivity caused by positrons emitted from FDG was found to cause interference on 25(OH)D measurements depending on the elimination half-life. It has been concluded that the interference observed was caused by the radioactivity emitted from radionuclide molecules used in PET-CT imaging rather than the molecular mass of 25(OH)D.\\r\\nIn daily practice, elevated 25(OH)D levels bears clinical significance, particularly with respect to detection of the etiology of hypercalcemia in cancer patients. On the other hand, in patients undergoing PET-CT imaging, interference caused by FDG may lead to overestimation of vitamin D levels, even when measurements with the reference method LC-MS/MS are used; this may direct the clinician away from a diagnosis of bone metastasis. Therefore, detection of hypervitaminosis D after PET-CT imaging should raise a suspicion of interference.

Author(s): Ataman Gonel, Ismail Koyuncu


Perception, Attitudes and Knowledge among Medical, Dental, Pharmacy and Nursing Students towards the Use of Herbal Medicine in Iraq

Volume 74, Jun 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.6.2
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Abstract: Background: As herbal medicine are increasingly being used and continue to rise as a result of the widespread belief that preparations are natural, and therefore safe, low cost, and many physicians believe in the usefulness of herbal medicine. It may therefore be appropriate if students of medical campus increase their perception and attitude toward the use of herbal medicine in Iraq. Method: A questionnaire form which consists of open and closed ended questions was designed to assess student's perception and attitude toward the usage of herbal medicine; 248 students from second and fourth stages were selected randomly from pharmacy, dental, nursing and medical colleges in Kerbela University. Results: A total response rate of 90% was observed. 84% of students believe that herbal medicines have effect; 53% of them have been used herbal medicine before. Highest frequency of the use was recorded for Borago (ward mawi) ,green tea and chamomile ; 38% of them experience side effect. 77% of participants believe that patients must tell their doctor about herbal medicine before use it. The highest main reasons that prevent some participant to use herbal medicine that they do not know much about it 26% and 25% of them not need it. Internet 51% was cited the most common source of information of herbal medicine. The most common barrier that prevents students to inform about it was "insufficient scientific evidence 27%". 70% of students agree to study herbal medicine in their colleges. Many opinions are agreed that herbal medicine need more development in Iraq. Conclusion: Because herbal medicine is rapidly growing field there is a need for more development and to increase knowledge about it. Students believe in the beneficial effect of herbal agents, so they need to be aware of the medicinal effect and method of use of the most common herbs used in their country.

Author(s): Ahmed Salih Sahib, Noran Adil Redha, Rafal Rafed Rasheed, Fatima Salam Hussain


NATURAL SCIENCES INSTRUCTION: INTERROGATING EASTERN CAPE TEACHERS’ INSTRUCTIONAL METHODOLOGIES

Volume 74, Jun 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.6.9
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Abstract: The paper assesses the pedagogical methods used by teachers in the teaching and learning of Natural Science (NS). The study was informed by the social constructivism, located in the interpretivist paradigm. A qualitative approach and a case study design were utilised. A purposive sample of three principals, three teachers and eighteen learners participated in the study. Data were collected through interviews, focus group discussion and lesson observation. Data were analysed for content. The study found that teachers were not using the current pedagogies that promote the learning of NS. The paper concludes that the effective learning of NS is severely compromised if teachers have challenges in pedagogical methods. School staff exchange programmes should be encouraged.

Author(s): Newlin Marongwe, Nomxolisi Mtsi, Grasia Chisango, Elvis T. Matyedi


THE EFFECT OF PROFESSIONAL VALUES ON JOB SATISFACTION IN NURSING

Volume 74, Jun 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.6.19
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Abstract: OBJECTIVE: Nowadays, people need the determination and use of professional values in every area. In parallel with the rapid progress of scientific and technical developments, the continuous change and development that has emerged in the healthcare field also accompanied some value problems. This research was carried out in order to examine the effect of professional values on job satisfaction in nursing. MATERIAL AND METHOD: This descriptive type of research was conducted on 191 nurses who volunteered to participate in the study among nurses worked in a public hospital in 2010 (n=448). The data were collected using a questionnaire (21 questions), Nurses Professional Values Scale and Minnesota Job Satisfaction Questionnaire. The data were evaluated in the SPSS 20.0 package software. Average, percentage, Mann-Whitney U, Kruskal Wallis and Pearson correlation tests were used in the analysis of the data. FINDINGS: The average age of the nurses was 36.00�7.44. 65.4% of the nurses were married and 31.4% had children. The average working years of the cases were 14.57�8.24 years and 73.8% of them worked as a clinical nurse. The total score of the cases on professional values scale was 116.37�19.34 and the sub-dimension scores were action (17.86�3.72), responsibility (25.23�5.19), human dignity (41.81�7.46), autonomy (15.71�3.01) and safety (15.74�3.01), respectively. The intrinsic satisfaction score of the cases was 36.17�8.34, the extrinsic satisfaction score was 21.04�6.43 and the general job satisfaction score was 57.21�13.70. Cases' all sub-dimension scores and total score in professional values scale affected intrinsic satisfaction and general job satisfaction scores (p<0.05). The intrinsic satisfaction, extrinsic satisfaction and general job satisfaction scores of the cases were affected by age, the manner of work and task (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Professional values affect job satisfaction in nursing. It is thought that the development of knowledge and attitude about the professional values among the cases will increase the job satisfaction. Key words: Nursing, professional values, job satisfaction

Author(s): Nevin UTKUALP, Nevcihan KECECÄ°, Aylin Pallos, Ozlem GURER, Hicran YILDIZ


AGATHOLOGY: ASPECTS OF DEFINITION IN THEORY AND RESEARCH

Volume 74, Jun 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.6.17
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Abstract: The article is devoted to the problems of the formation of the concept of "agathology", the study of philosophical interpretations of accompanying theories, the identification of the concept of good both in the system of theological knowledge, and within the philosophical worldview. The concept of the good is also determined empirically based on the author's research. The results of the evaluations and their qualitative justification are presented. An attempt is made to compare it in the understanding of the good in theology and philosophy.

Author(s): Vera A. Gnevasheva