CLINICAL EVALUATION OF CONNECTIVE TISSUE GRAFT IN THE TREATMENT OF SINGLE GINGIVAL RECESSION DEFECTS OF PATIENTS WITH THIN GINGIVAL BIOTYPE

Volume 75, Jan 2019
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2019.1.2
View Abstract Hide Abstract   |   Download PDF
Abstract: Objectives: The connective tissue graft (CTG) is considered to be the most performed procedure in the treatment of gingival recession defects. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of (CTG) in the treatment of Miller class I and II single gingival recession defects of patients with thin gingival biotype.Material and methods: 14 systemically healthy patients (8 females and 6 males); aged 30 to 55 years were treated. The clinical parameters plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI), gingival thickness (GT), probing depth (PD), recession height (RH), recession width (RW), and amount of attached gingiva (AG) were recorded at baseline and re-measured at 6 months. Results: CTG procedure resulted in statistically significant decreases in PD, RH, RW, and increases in AG at 6 months (p<0.05). There was also a significant gain in the CAL (p<0.05). The mean percentage root coverage at the final evaluation was 95%.Conclusion: Within the limits of present study it can be concluded that CTG has favourable results in the treatment of Miller Class I and II single gingival recession defects of patients with thin gingival biotype.

Author(s): Eylem Ayhan Alkan

INDEPENDENT MOBILITY AND CHILDREN’S AWARENESS OF SOCIAL ENVIRONMENT IN THE EARLY YEARS

Volume 74, Dec 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.12.15
View Abstract Hide Abstract   |   Download PDF
Abstract: This theoretical article discusses children�s independent mobility and their awareness of the social environment as they move around within their neighbourhood. Foundation Phase Life Skills as one of the subjects guides and prepares learners for life and its possibilities, including equipping learners for meaningful and successful living in a rapidly changing and transforming society. Through Life Skills learners are exposed to a range of knowledge, skills and values that strengthen their physical, social, personal, emotional and cognitive development. The subject raises awareness of social relationships in young children. These skill are essential to children as mobile beings who are granted licences to independent mobility. Using a Social Ecological Theory as an underpinning, this article explores and discusses children�s awareness of their environment and aspects that can pose risks to their lives as they move around independently. The article makes recommendations on how young learners can be assisted to be better prepared and fully aware of their social environment in order to curb risks involved in children�s independent mobility.

Author(s): Nontokozo

CULTURAL DIMENSIONS OF BUSINESS INTERACTION. ITALIAN AND GERMAN COMPARATIVE PERSPECTIVE

Volume 74, Dec 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.12.10
View Abstract Hide Abstract   |   Download PDF
Abstract: Accepting diversity, when it comes to management, imposes new approaches, adapted to the current social and economic context, which means understanding and accepting cultural differences. The interaction between cultures, the problematic aspects that result from the cultural differences evoke relevant debate topics. The intercultural professional interactions often highlight the problematic aspects, such as: a defective communication, the activation of stereotypes about the other culture, with potential implications in the effective performance of a business. Considering the implications of the stereotypes and prejudices within the business context, approaching this topic, from the management perspective is more than justified. This quantitative research, part of a wide study that analyzes stereotypes and prejudices within the business environment, brings into focus the stereotypes and prejudices existing among the Italian and German businessmen, towards the Romanian managers and employees. The starting hypothesis is that negative stereotypes and prejudices appear more frequently among those categories developing subordination relationships. The results of the research revealed similarities regarding the perception of the Romanian managers and employees from the Italian and German perspectives, but also significant differences, depending on the nationality, regarding the stereotypes circulated.

Author(s): Angelica Maria Capraru

THE IMPACT OF SOME KEY FACTORS ON LABOUR PRODUCTIVITY IN EUROPEAN COUNTRIES

Volume 75, Jan 2019
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2019.1.1
View Abstract Hide Abstract   |   Download PDF
Abstract: We analyze the impact of R&D, government spending on education and trade unions density on labour productivity, using data for 15 EU countries. A panel data econometric model approach is used to evaluate the importance of regressors. The existing economic evidence predominantly demonstrates positive effects of R&D and government spending on education on labour productivity, while trade unions density has negative impact. We therefore conclude that increasing spending on modernization is likely to be an effective strategy on these countries\' way to accelerate economic growth. Data are taken from the Conference Board Total Economy Database and OECD.

Author(s): Gasimli Vusal Afras

APPROBATION OF DIAGNOSTIC OPPORTUNITIES FOR TEENAGERS WITH DEVIANT BEHAVIOR

Volume 74, Dec 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.12.17
View Abstract Hide Abstract   |   Download PDF
Abstract: Our paper focuses on to the problem of the increasing teenage suicides in the Russian Federation and worldwide. Our aim is to find a range of effective and economic diagnostic tools allowing us to reveal the key social risks of suicide intentions of deviant teenagers in criteria of existential and humanistic psychology. We propose a model validation of the new diagnostic tools executed through a field survey helping us to establish the identity of the teenager and its connection with society (e.g. relations with a reference group, family, educators, as well as emotional, behavioral reactions to social situations and social milieu). Our findings showed that such psychological disturbances as health issues, interpersonal, behavioral responses, and family relationships might be considered as predictors of suicidal behavior for teenagers.

Author(s): GALINA EPANCHINTSEVA, GALINA SOLODOVA, TATIANA ZHUKOVA, IRINA BUKHTIYAROVA,LUDMILA ANPILOGOVA


ON THE ASSOCIATED GROUP OF THE FREE PRODUCT OF A QUASI-FREE GROUP AND A FINITE GROUP

Volume 74, Dec 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.12.8
View Abstract Hide Abstract   |   Download PDF
Abstract: A group is termed a quasi-free group if it is a free product of cyclic groups of any order. Free groups being free product of infinite cyclic groups show that quasi-free groups are the free product of a free group and a number of finite cyclic groups. In this paper we show that for any group G there exists a group denoted H(G) and is called the associated group of G and show that if F is a quasi-free group and G is any group then H(F) is trivial and H(FG)  H(G). 2010 Mathematics Subject Classification: Primary 16U60, 20C05, 16S34, 20E06; Secondary 20C10, 20C40

Author(s): MAHMOOD, R. M. S, MOHAMMAD AL-HAWARI


WAYANG KULIT AS A MEDIUM LEARNING CHARACTER

Volume 74, Dec 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.12.6
View Abstract Hide Abstract   |   Download PDF
Abstract: The purpose of this research is to find: 1 puppet usually becomes entertainment for the community can also used as a medium learning of character for school tuition.2 ) teaching value moral in social through the puppet packed by presenting puppet figures as a real life in social this can be embodiment of planting character education for children which will be young generation the next generation. Research methods that were used in this research was a method of ethnography , the technique of the collection of data been disclosed in the research obtained through in depth interviews ( in-depth the interview ) , observation partisipasipan ( observation participant ) , the study documentation .The results of research and an analysis of the data shows that: The results of research and an analysis of the data shows that: 1 ) wayang a triangular shape able to function as a medium of learning the character of , such as education the worth of particularly moral .2 ) many as the number of the media of learning which used , art performance this weekend thursday wayang a triangular shape is one of the media that is effective in relayed the message of learning .3 ) not only have there been as an amusement but with the publication of puppet show art performance this weekend thursday organisma education in the participate in community events .4 ) school tuition or participants learn does not only received copies of the knowledge , but also may bear their loads complete to preserve for example in culture.

Author(s): Sumpana Joyo, Sapriya, Kokom Komalasari, Elly Malihah


THE EFFECTS OF THE GEOBOARD ON LEARNER UNDERSTANDING OF GEOMETRY THEOREMS

Volume 74, Nov 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.11.8
View Abstract Hide Abstract   |   Download PDF
Abstract: This study investigated the effects of the Geoboard on learners� understanding of geometric theorems. The study employed a qualitative research design. The study was conducted in two secondary schools. Twenty five participants were selected randomly from each of two conveniently selected secondary schools. Four focus groups were eventually established, two from each school. All 50 participants were taught geometric theorems using the Geoboard for two weeks. The data were analysed using thematic analysis. The results revealed that Geoboards improved learners� understanding of geometric theorems, especially understanding the geometric terminology and reasoning.

Author(s): Vimolan Mudaly, Mandlenkosi Sibiya


THEORETICAL PROBLEMS OF DERIVATOLOGY (WORD CREATION) IN THE DIALECTS AND ACCENTS OF NAKHCHIVAN

Volume 74, Nov 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.11.22
View Abstract Hide Abstract   |   Download PDF
Abstract: The word creation problem exist in the dialects and accents of Nakhchivan and the Eastern Anatolia is first time comparative investigated in this article. Word creation and semantics problem in Nakhchivan group of dialects and accents of Azerbaijan language also will be systematically investigated first time. The purpose of this article is to investigate the materials of Nakhchivan and the Eastern Anatolia dialects and accents in historical-ethimological plan. The article is useful for develop the guality of the educational of language history, historical lexicology and dialectology subjects and also usefull for students of philological faculties. The same time the article can be useful in preparing multi volumes dialectological vocabularies and investigations on accent lexical and will give them a new direction and materials. Keywords: Nakhchivan derivatologiya, semantik, fonetik, morfoloji, sintaktik, dialects, accents

Author(s): Zulfiyye ISMAYIL

SPACE AND TIME (Underlying Philosophical Distinctions)

Volume 74, Nov 2018
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2018.11.5
View Abstract Hide Abstract   |   Download PDF
Abstract: We are acquainted with references to space and time, as if we are dealing phenomena of the same kind. Yet we shall argue that juxta-posing space and time amounts to nothing van comparing apples and oranges. In general time is often associated with the flow or duration. Yet as soon as we consider something like time-measurement it appears that time takes on different shapes. Stafleu points out that time measurement initially simply boiled down to counting (days, months, years, etc.). Then time was measured by the relative spatial position of the sun or the stars in the sky (with or without the help of instruments like the sundial). Subsequently time was measured by utilizing the regular motion of more or less complicated clockworks. More recently time is measured on the basis of irreversible processes, for example, in atomic clocks. But time is not merely one aspect of reality - it is an ontic dimension of the universe in its own right which comes to expression within every modal aspect of reality in accordance with the unique meaning of such an aspect. Space belongs to the dimension of modal aspects, alongside others such as the numerical aspect, the kinematic aspect, the physical aspect, the biotic aspect, and so on. As a modal-functional aspect of reality space co-conditions the existence of all kinds (classes) of entities. Its modal universality implies that all classes of entities function within the spatial aspect. The relative position of the aspect of space among other modal aspects will be analysed in this article. It will be argued that time is neither merely physical in nature nor solely to be identified with any other specific modal aspect. All modal aspects and entities are embedded in the ontic dimension of time - and the aspect of space is just one of the multiple modal functions of the universe. Therefore, it is not correct simply to position space and time next to each other for then apples and oranges are compared. More specific issues and questions addressed in our analysis are: the infinitely large and small; does nature make jumps?; wat is entailed in the switch from Kant to non-Euclidean geometry; how do we have to account for different kinds of space - such as physical space, biotic space, sensory space, or logical space?; are analogical terms inevitable; do we live in a space-time continuum?; why is perceptual space non-Euclidean?

Author(s): Danie Strauss