EDUCATIONAL PLANNING OF HUMAN RIGHTS EDUCATION MODELS ON ELEMENTARY SCHOOL EDUCATORS IN CENTRAL JAVA PROVINCE, INDONESIA

Volume 75, Jun 2019
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2019.6.15
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Abstract: The number of human rights violation to children is high. The dominant case of human rights violation to children is sexual harrasment. Therefore it is needed human rights education to introduce human rights value to children. So, children will be able to respect themselves and others. This study has a focus on managing human rights education planning for elementary school, namely by assessing the appropriatenesss of human rights education using multimedia as learning media. This model was tested on 20 elementary school teachers in Central Java, Indonesia. The sample was chosen by purposive sampling. Analysis of model effectiveness was conducted by testing the model appropriateness. The result of this research are as follow: 1) Human rights education never been implemented in elementary school in Central Java. 2) Human rights education model cirricullum adopted from human rights education curriculum of UNICEF adapted to ideology, philosophy and human rights violation issues in Indonesia. The model was designed in multimedia with videoscribe software, combined with video and Youtube. 3) Human rights education model with multimedia as learning model was effective because the model was friendly user for students. It could be concluded that human rights education model had a significant influence on increasing human rights knowledge for elementary school students.

Author(s): Vita Santa Kusuma Chrisantina, Sugiyo, Wahyu Hardyanto, Suwito Eko Pramono


BAHRAIN\\\'S HIGHER EDUCATION SYSTEM: TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENT PROSPECTS

Volume 75, May 2019
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2019.5.8
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Abstract: The system of higher education in the Kingdom of Bahrain developed against the background of economic transformation in the country. This article analyzes the main stages and factors of the formation of the higher education system in the country, reveals the problems of its development at the present stage. Among the key factors in the formation of competitive education in Bahrain, it is worth noting the development of the state first and then the private sector, the improvement of the quality of education and the orientation towards international cooperation. Particular attention is paid to the position of Bahrain in the global market for educational services, analysis of Bahraini universities and the country\\\'s initiatives towards becoming a regional educational center.

Author(s): Irina Ahmed Zayn AYDRUS, Sergey V. RYAZANTSEV, Igor Y. BOGDANOV, Ravil R. ASMYATULLIN, Mehdi AFZALI, Nadezhda K. VASILIEVA


POTENTIAL AND OPPORTUNITY FOR BEEF CATTLE PRODUCTION OF THE PROTOTYPE FARMERS: THE CASE STUDY OF MAE CHAEM DISTRICT, CHIANG MAI PROVINCE

Volume 75, May 2019
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2019.5.5
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Abstract: The research on potential and opportunity for the beef cattle production of the prototype farmers in the livestock model seeks to solve the burning forest problem and agricultural areas which create smog and climate change in Chiang Mai Province. The research objectives aim to study basic information of prototype farmers who raise beef cattle instead of growing maize, to analysis performance efficiency of beef cattle raising, together with the potential and opportunities for beef cattle production. The research area is conducted in Mae Chaem District, Chiang Mai Province, based on a participatory observation with integrated operational synergies. The research has tried to develop the prototype farmers in transforming agricultural waste (corn husk, corncob, etc.) into silage food to increase nutrients. The empirical results show that the highest cost is found in the type of fattening farming, with fixed cost of 924,000 Thai Baht, as well as variable cost of 85,900 Thai Baht. This type also provided the highest income of 1,118,500 Thai Baht. Meanwhile, the highest profit belongs to the type of field release with an amount of 193,250 Thai Baht. Analyzing the performance efficiency, the type of field release shows the highest profit, with an amount of 11,600 Thai Baht. Meanwhile, the enclosure-raised beef cattle have the lowest efficiency because it possesses the lowest profit at 7,756 Thai Baht. Based on the SWOT analysis, the strength shows that Thai farmers have more experiences in cattle farming and breeding cattle. The weaknesses expose that most farmers and beef cattle cooperatives have no long-term planned production, marketing goals, and lacking working capital. The opportunities are the government sector highly supports investment in the beef cattle industry in terms of investment and various resources. Moreover, there are more advantages in logistics and supply chain management for beef cattle exports to neighboring countries because there are a path and linkage of the logistics systems. Finally, the threats indicate the shortages of raw materials and no concentrated food production plants in some areas result in higher food transportation costs.

Author(s): Wongchai Anupong, Intaruccomporn Wallratat, Sreshthaputra Suraphol, Prapatigul Panuphan, Pinthukas Nathitakarn


DO THE SELF-EFFICACIES OF ADOLESCENTS PREDICT THEIR INDIVIDUAL VALUES? ANALYSIS IN TERMS OF GENDER, FAMILY ATTITUDES AND CLASS

Volume 75, May 2019
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2019.5.1
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Abstract: Introduction: In this study, differentiation of individual values and self-efficacy perception of adolescents is analyzed in terms of some variables. In addition, the predictive power of self-efficacy for individual values was analyzed. \r\nMethods: The Individual Values Scale and the Self-Efficacy Scale for Children were applied to 390 adolescents at the high school level. The results showed that self-efficacy and individual values become different in terms of gender, academic success perception, class and parental attitudes. \r\nResults & Conclusions: In this respect, it was determined that students\' self-efficacy differentiation was small according to their gender, class (n2=.022, Cohen\'s f=.15), and family attitudes (n2=.054, Cohen\'s f=.24), and moderate according to their GPA\'s (n2=.068, Cohen\'s f=.27), (p<.001). Also, it was determined that the individual values differed moderately according to family attitude (n2=.080, Cohen\'s f=.29) and GPA (n2=.086, Cohen\'s f=.31), and slightly according to gender (p<.001). On the other hand, significant relationships were found between individual values and self-efficacy, and self-efficacy was found to predict individual values positively (p<.001). The implications for psychological guidance were discussed and the importance of these results to the benefit of society was emphasized. In the 3rd model, self-efficacy (?=-. 386), social self-efficacy (?= .274) and gender (?=-. 064) significantly predicted individual values in high level (R=.53, R2=.28).

Author(s): Figen Akca

FOREIGN BANKS IN TRANSITION ECONOMIES IN THE CONTEXT OF THE GLOBAL CRISIS: CURRENT TRENDS, RISK PROFILES AND IMPACT SPECIFICITY ON SYSTEMIC STABILITY

Volume 75, Jun 2019
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2019.6.9
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Abstract: Our paper investigates foreign banks impact on financial stability in transition countries during the boom-bust cycles, especially their contribution to the evolution and realization of systemic risk.The purpose of this study is to carry out theoretical pros and cons of foreign banks presence in post-soviet countries based on empirical evidence from their activity and risk profiles under different economic conditions and regulatory regimes. A comprehensive retrospective study of global bank capital entries into transition economies, reasons of foreign capital outflows and the dynamics of banks key financial indicators was carried out, as well as a comparative analysis of foreign versus local bank groups due to systemic financial sustainability.\\\\r\\\\nThe results of this study indicatethat foreign banks appeared more solvent during economic crises in transition countriesin comparison with local private banks, despite great financial losses and required capitalization. The differences in default levels and response to the crisis among foreign and local banks were found. Instead of cross-border contagion channel strengthening, foreign banks presence, higher customer loyalty and capital support from parent institutions reduced deposit outflows and smoothed the potential impact of financial instability during the crises. On the contrary, the need of modern early warning monitoring system of foreign banking still exists because of possible rise of concentration and potential non-financial risks related to geopolitical motives and strengthening of compliance requirements.\\\\r\\\\nMain findings of empirical analysis contribute to a deeper understanding of the ownership influence on the systemic risk formation in theCEE and post-soviet banking sectors during the previous booms and crises. Grounded on the empirical data analysis, important patterns in cross-border funding and systemic risk channels were found. It allows to forecast properlyfuture benefits and risks of foreign bank presence in transition countries for regulatory and business purposes.

Author(s): Fahri Murshudli, Roman Kornyliuk, Erkin Dilbazi


THE IMPACTS OF HEALTHCARE RESOURCES ON SERVICES OF EMERGENCY DEPARTMENT: DISCRETE EVENT SIMULATION WITH BOX-BEHNKEN DESIGN

Volume 75, Jun 2019
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2019.6.10
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Abstract: The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of healthcare resources on outputs defined as waiting time of patients, the length of stay, the number of patients treated and the cost of the resources for the emergency department (ED). Data were obtained with a discrete-event simulation model for the ED and Box-Behnken experimental design technique was used to analyze the resources of healthcare that affect the outputs of ED. We have emphasized the effectiveness and efficiency of healthcare institutions on the quantity and quality of healthcare resources in the present study. Among the findings, by calculating the number of patients treated at maximum level (157 patients) with minimum cost (768.73 units of money), an improvement of 38.94 % of the patient waiting time and 20.87 % of the length of stay has been achieved. We support that the number of healthcare resources has a slight effect on the healthcare systems, while the main thing is that the quality of healthcare resources is more important according to the result of this study.

Author(s): Abdulkadir Atalan

ANALYSIS OF TEACHERS’ CHARACTERISTICS OF EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE WITH REGARD TO SEVERAL VARIABLES: BURSA- TURKEY PROVINCE SAMPLE

Volume 75, May 2019
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2019.5.4
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Abstract: Abstract. Emotional Intelligence (EQ) has been one of the paradigms influencing the education-training approaches since the beginning of the two thousand. Emotional intelligence can be defined as the ability to use emotions in the right place, at the right time and to use personal and professional aims in a balanced manner. It can be argued that the efficient use of emotional intelligence qualifications is a required process in classroom management and school environment, where teachers achieve their professional aims as a profession in which emotional intensity is experienced. This study aims at determining the emotional intelligence qualifications of teachers who work in secondary schools. In order to attain this aim, an emotional intelligence scale comprising of four subdimensions as sociability, emotionality, self-control, subjective well-being was used. The population of the study comprised of a total of 554 teachers, 472 were from 22 public schools and 82 were from 6 private schools located in Bursa, in the 2017-2018 academic year. According to the statistical analyses of the emotional intelligence scale and its subdimensions the population does not have a normal distribution. The frequency, percentage, arithmetic mean, Mann-Whitney U test, and Kruskal Wallis analyses are conducted. It is found that the emotional intelligence scale, and sociability and subjective-well-being scores are higher in private school teachers compared to public school teachers. A statistically significant difference is found between the groups in the self-control and subjective well-being subdimensions of the emotional intelligence scale with regard to seniority variable. The highest subjective well-being scores are observed in teachers with less seniority. Self-control, on the other hand, is higher in teachers with more seniority.

Author(s): SUKRU ADA

STAGES OF A FREE VERSE IN AZERBAIJAN POETRY

Volume 75, Jun 2019
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2019.6.13
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Abstract: Abstract: The article explores innovations brought by free verse, which is the most recent literary movement in Russia and known as futurism, into Azerbaijani poetry. It is shown that it takes about a hundred years since the arrival of free verse in Azerbaijani poetry. You can come to certain conclusions about the development path of Azerbaijan, the stages and place, the position of free verse in the poetic space for all this time. At the same time, in accordance with these stages, the features of the development of the characteristics of the form, content, and artistic expression of free verse have been modified and updated. The gradual parallel development of free verse with syllable, met with certain protests (innovation of any kind meets with protest!) And attracted the attention of the first models in the Azerbaijani literary environment, and in many cases, turning into the main form of poetry, in fact shows its position and place. In stages, free poetry developed not only from the point of view of idea, content, but also from the point of view of form and structure. Azerbaijani free verse has also changed in terms of semantics, intonation, consonance, rhythm. Each new generation that came to a new verse developed it in style, artistic description, and means of expression.\nKey words: Azerbaijani poetry, free verse, futurism, stage, associative.

Author(s): Aliyeva Gultekin

AN EXPLORATORY STUDY TO UNDERSTAND THE CRITICAL FACTORS AFFECTING THE DECISION TO ADOPT CLOUD COMPUTING IN SAUDI HOSPITALS

Volume 75, Jun 2019
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2019.6.12
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Abstract: Cloud Computing is an evolving information technology paradigm that impacts many sectors in many countries. Although Cloud Computing is an emerging technology there is little in the literature concerning its application in developing countries, specifically in Saudi healthcare organizations. This paper aims to investigate the critical factors that will affect the decision to adopt cloud computing technology Saudi healthcare organizations. This study mainly integrates the TOE (Technology-Organization-Environment) framework and TAM (Technology Acceptance Model) to provide a holistic evaluation of the determinants of Cloud Computing adoption in healthcare organizations. Information was collected by employing the mixed method approach, which combines questionnaire and interview were combined and presented to identify the critical factors affect on the perceived the e-health cloud adoption in Saudi healthcare organizations. The obtained results indicate that the five most critical factors are services quality, perceived usefulness, complexity, relative advantage, top management support. Further, among the proposed four dimensions that are examined in this study the most important one is Business perspective was found to be the most important followed by the PEOU (perceived ease of use) then Technology and Organizational Readiness, and finally the Human perspective. For practitioners, this study identifies key factors for hospitals to make an adoption decision toward cloud computing technology. As for academia, this study can be provided as a useful reference for future studies in this subject field.

Author(s): Shady Gomaa Abdulaziz, Norizan Binti Mohd Yasin


EVALUATION OF THE OPTIMAL LEVEL OF VALUE ADDED TAX IN THE HYDROCARBON ABUNDANT CIS COUNTRIES

Volume 75, May 2019
doi: 10.21506/j.ponte.2019.5.7
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Abstract: Abstract: Tax burden, i.e. the ratio of the tax revenues and the aggregate taxable income, is an important macroeconomic variable and economic policy instrument which account for the tax burden and the revenue structure in the economy. The macroeconomic regulation function in the context of taxation comes to its own mainly over the value added tax (VAT). The effectiveness fiscal policy in general as well as tax policy in particular depends mainly on the VAT-level in the economy. In the framework of this paper we focus on the performance three post-Soviet Republics, Russian Federation, Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan in terms of the VAT-policy and its efficiency. Due to the completely new emergence of the tax system in all three mentioned states, the paper in hand is a kind of assessment of the different economic policy approaches in these three country cases. From this point of view, a comparative analysis of the present situation of the tax system of these countries is an interesting area. We estimate the optimal levels of the tax burden on VAT on the basis of econometric models and the Laffer points of the types I and II were determined for each case study. It should be noted that the Laffer point of the type I is the level of tax burden at which the volume of total output reaches its maximum, and at the Laffer point of the type II, the amount of tax revenue reaches its maximum.

Author(s): Nazim Hajiyev, Adalat Muradov, Yadulla Hasanli, Aynur Suleymanova